Monday, 21 July 2014

Chemicals and Compounds of the Fly Agaric

The different chemicals and compounds found within the fly agaric mushroom. The quantities of these can vary wildly from mushroom to mushroom, and even within one mushroom. Some of the chemicals can cancel each other out (for example atropine and muscarine), but with slightly differing amounts, there can be very different effects.

Muscimol

Muscimol stimulates GABA receptors. GABA is found throughout the plant and animal kingdom, and may represent a ubiquitous biological signalling molecule between animals, bacteria, fungi and plants (http://sydney.edu.au/medicine/pharmacology/adrien-albert/images/pdfs/RefsPDFs/390.pdf).

Muscimol is a crystalline solid that melts at 175C. It has neurologic activity and is a potent depressant of the central nervous system. The adverse effects of ingestion include sleep, hallucination, distorted perceptions and vomiting. (A Comprehensive Guide to the Hazardous Properties of Chemical Substances By Pradyot Patnaik 2007)

Ibotenic Acid

Ibotenic acid can be used in a similar way to monosodium glutamate, to improve the flavour of foods.
Tricholomic acid and ibotenic acid can prevent deterioration of food and separation of Water therefrom, and keep the freshness and vivid appearance thereof; for example, when either of them is added to food paste, it improves color and increases viscosity and elasticity; when added to sake (rice wine), it prevents deterioration, when added to miso (bean paste) or soy sauce, it increases stability; and when added to milk or its processed matter, it lowers curd tension and promotes digestion.

The insecticidal properties of fly agaric are a result of ibotenic acid (Takemoto et al, 1964). Experiments have shown that the insecticidal activity of tricholomic acid is superior to that of ibotenic acid.

Muscazone

Muscazone is a crystalline solid amino acid that decomposes above 190C. It's sparingly soluble in water. The toxic symptoms from high doses are similar to those from ibotenic acid. (A Comprehensive Guide to the Hazardous Properties of Chemical Substances By Pradyot Patnaik 2007)

R-4-hydroxy-pyrrolidone

Tricholomic Acid

Tricholomic acid can be used in a similar way to monosodium glutamate, to improve the flavour of foods.
tricholomic acid and ibotenic acid can prevent deterioration of food and separation of Water therefrom, and keep the freshness and vivid appearance thereof; for example, when either of them is added to food paste, it improves color and increases viscosity and elasticity; when added to sake (rice wine), it prevents deterioration, when added to miso (bean paste) or soy sauce, it increases stability; and when added to milk or its processed matter, it lowers curd tension and promotes digestion.

Muscarine

Muscarine is a non-selective agonist of the muscarinic acetylcholine receptor. It crosses the Blood Brain Barrier. Muscarine mimics the function of the natural neurotransmitter acetylcholine in the muscarinic part of the cholinergic nervous system. Muscarine is not metabolised by acetylcholinesterase.

Bufotenin

(5-HO-DMT, N,N-dimethylserotonin), is a tryptamine related to the neurotransmitter serotonin. It is an alkaloid found in the skin of some species of toads; in mushrooms, higher plants, and mammals.[1] The name bufotenin originates from the Bufo genus of toads, which includes several species of psychoactive toads, most notably Incilius alvarius, that secrete bufotoxins from their parotoid glands.[2] Bufotenin is similar in chemical structure to the psychedelics psilocin (4-HO-DMT), 5-MeO-DMT, and DMT, chemicals which also occur in some of the same fungus, plant, and animal species as bufotenin. The psychoactivity of bufotenin has been disputed, though recent studies suggest it is similar in nature to 5-MeO-DMT. (from Wikipedia)

Choline

Choline is the precursor molecule for the neurotransmitter acetylcholine.

Acetylcholine

Acetylcholine is an organic molecule that acts as a neurotransmitter in many organisms, including humans.

Betaine

A betaine is a neutral chemical compound with a positively charged cationic functional group. It is also a methyl donor of increasingly recognised significance in biology.

Atropene

Is an antidote to muscarine.

Muscaridin

Hercynin

May act as a precursor of trimethylamine (Nielsen, J. trimethylaminonium compound in Tilletia spp., Canadian, J. Bot, LXU fase. 3, p. 335-339, 1963. ). Trimethylamine is used in the synthesis of choline, itself a precursor of acetylcholine.

Uracil

One of the four nucleobases in the nucleic acid of RNA. In DNA, uracil is methylated and becomes thymine.

Xanthine

A mild stimulant and broncho-dilator. Increases alertness in the central nervous system. Stimulates the respiratory centre and is used in the treatment of asthma and infantile apnoea.

Hypoxanthine

The Pheretima aspergillum worm, used in Chinese medicine preparations, contains hypoxanthine. (The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs, Second Edition By Kee C. Huang)

Adenosine

Very important in human energetic processes, as ADP, ATP and cAMP. It is also an important neurotransmitter in falling asleep. Adenosine receptors are key to opening the Blood Brain Barrier (BBB). Adenosine is also believed to have anti-inflammatory properties.

Fly Agaric Protects Against Aging and Neurogenerative Disease

Research shows that stimulating muscarinic receptors protects the brain and central nervous system against aging and neurodegenerative disease.
These results demonstrate that stimulation of muscarinic receptors provides substantial protection from DNA damage, oxidative stress, and mitochondrial impairment, insults that may be encountered by neurons in development, aging, or neurodegenerative diseases. These findings suggest that neurotransmitter-induced signaling bolsters survival mechanisms, and inadequate neurotransmission may exacerbate neuronal loss.

Fly agaric mushrooms contain tiny amounts of muscarine, which acts as a stimulant to muscarinic receptors. So does eating a small daily piece of fly agaric mushroom protect against neurodegeneration? The elders of some native Siberian peoples eat a little fly agaric every day. They say that it gives them energy and helps them to think and remember things. It would seem that it is likely also protecting their brains and nervous systems against neurodegeneration related to aging.

Saturday, 23 February 2013

Fly Agaric and Radiation Burns

I was very surprised to find that fly agaric is used externally as a remedy for radiation burns in Russia (eg "an effective tool in radiation injuries of the skin" ). I was even more surprised when it turned out I had radiation burns myself, and was able to use the fly agaric to treat them.

For the last two years, since I got my first smartphone, my thumbs and index fingers developed very deep splits in them. It seemed that the splits went all the way through the skin. They were very sore, and often very itchy, unbearably so. They had yellowy orange scabs surrounded by red soreness.

A month ago, I suddenly realised that the splits, redness and soreness were exactly where my smartphone touched my hands. I thought perhaps it could be radiation burns, and stopped using the mobile phone. Instead, I started using a netbook much more. The splits largely healed up. But the skin on my index finger, where it touches the mousepad, became very hard and sore.

I bought an electromagnetic radiation meter to see how much radiation - if any - these devices were giving off. I was shocked to see how much EMR (electromagnetic radiation) they were giving out, and continuously, rather than in pulses. Since then I've stayed off the netbook as well as the smartphone, and am only on the computer for short periods of time, using an external keyboard.

My hands are still scarred, but they haven't split again, for the first time in two years. I am satisfied that the splits and soreness were EMR burns. They looked just like the least severe images if you type "radiation burns" into Google images.

Treating Radiation Burns with Fly Agaric

I can't remember what I treated the burns with for the first year. For the second year though, once I'd discovered fly agaric, I treated them with fly agaric tincture, as I'd found it to be great at healing cooking burns and any little cuts, cat scratches etc. The splits would heal up, and become less sore, but they would always return before long, usually just a few days.

Once I realised that they were radiation burns, I tried a fly agaric compress. This was basically just a piece of mushroom soaked in vodka and taped onto the thumb and finger of one hand. This probably isn't the correct way to make a fly agaric compress. It made the skin around the burn look as if it had been in the bath for a week. It didn't feel as if this was the way to treat it, so I went back to just applying the tincture every hour or two, and leaving the wounds open to the air.

Sure enough, when applying the fly agaric tincture onto the radiation burns, they healed up quite quickly, within a few days, especially once I stopped using the netbook as well. They're still scarred, but at least they aren't split or scabbed anymore.

I found that the alcohol in the tincture dried the skin on my hands out. At this point, it would be great to have a fly agaric lotion to apply. I have experimented with coconut oil and powdered fly agaric, but it hasn't really worked out. I hope to find a way to make a fly agaric lotion, or at least manage to find somewhere I can buy the Russian fly agaric lotions.

Of course, sunburn is also a form of radiation burn, and fly agaric may be helpful in treating this as well.

Regrettably, all the photographs I took of my thumbs and fingers at various stages in the healing process are blurred and unusable.

Letters from Russians who have used fly agaric medicinally

Here are some letters from Russians who have used fly agaric medicinally. I found these at shamanika.biz. I do hope they are happy with them being reproduced here. Copyright is attributable to (C) Makeyenko TV Physician. Translation from Russian by Google Translate. The whole of this article is from that webpage. I have written none of the following ...

LUNG CANCER

(Letter of Anapa on K st Tatyana Alexandrovna). In 1969, my father (I was living in the city of Tyumen) ill - lung cancer. From the operation, he refused - he was immediately discharged from Oncology Center. His condition was terrible. They waited for the worst ... But at the hospital someone advised to drink mushroom hails vodka. Start was terrible. But he decided, at first spoonful 1.5 months, then a shot of the infusion, and then could drink a bottle a day of the liquid (the good liked to drink.) Its age was then 60 years old. And the state just two months later began to improve. Went phlegm with cough, with black - coal dust (he also worked on a locomotive engineer), sputum was intense. That's it then spent 13 years with breaks drank mushroom. Even little by little moonlighting guard, went to the forest for one mushroom. Then he gave them in the winter, who addressed. His father died with a diagnosis of pulmonary hemorrhage, ie, where there was a focus of the tumor - this place is just physically worn out.

LUNG CANCER. STROKE

(Letter from the city of Yaroslavl on T-tion Nina Vasilievna). My husband literally not even a year old, he died of lung cancer. But I suggested and even gave ready hails mushroom in the primary moonshine, because now the pure alcohol can not get anywhere else. Describe how it healed. Gave the scheme from the 1st drop and brought to 20 drops 3 times a day for 15 - 20 minutes before a meal, and went back to 19 drops, then 18 and so on and brought to 7 drops. But he did not know that drinking mushroom. I once said to him: Serge, Let's have a fly agaric. A: what about you? Are you crazy? Decided to poison me? He did not know it was drinking it, because I'm in a thermos overnight insisted in hot water rose, the color was brown, and add 1 tablespoon of honey. Temperature husband reached even 40 degrees. Injections: analgina, diphenhydramine, but-silos 2 times and it was 3 times, but to no avail, and she started to drink Amanita - he recovered a bit, ate everything, began to leave himself out, he tucked in bed with him. A headache cough and he went to a therapist, and came to the reception, the doctor was surprised that he got up and danced in front of her dance. The doctor did not believe that he is on his feet. The pressure was high, and there is normal.

And so while drinking mushroom - was healthy. But as I said to him, and you do have drink, quarreled and did not drink. Decided to take a break, but you can see the cancer was extensive. A daughter of our smart, graduated from the Institute on excellent, scolded him that you mom treats, wants you to have lived, and you do not drink mushroom. And he agreed to drink. And because it was a big break, began to give one a bit, but apparently it was not enough. You had told me something like a 8 or 9-drops and no break you and your husband have been through. So I regret it all. He was my benefactor, and morally supported me. But alas, no one has suggested a break, as well as because of drops to give him.

Husband died, I go to the grave and weep, but that has not stopped. Went into the forest, gathered muscaria, got a little moonshine and double stage set for 1 month. I myself drink it now. Stomach ache, was not hurt. And when one went to the grave and met a woman and she told me that her relatives a woman 40 years hit paralysis. Her husband got this one year hails mushroom and watered for about a year and now she works as a cleaner and even dance. All she departed, and her husband said to his feet, and all what happened.

Stomach cancer

(Letter of Solikamsk from K-th Valentina). I had a case. My husband had surgery perforated ulcer. Managed to sew. Lived for 8 years. What was spring, autumn relapses. Decided to go to a resort, was examined and passed. Admitted to hospital, the operation did not do. Than treated - injections. But I was wearing a hospital mushroom. Tincture made ​​two weeks in a dark place for 3 cap mushroom to 0.5 liters of vodka. So hats were not blooming, red. He drank in the morning on an empty stomach half a spoon and a mummy with the head under the tongue to dissolve the match and finally butter. FGS was autumn and the doctor said everything was fine. Already passed 7 years. I think he helped mushroom. A recognized cancer. Stomach cancer.

Rheumatism

(Letter of Saransk from A-ing Inessy Vasil'yevna). I was operated on for cancer of the stomach removed? stomach and I made ​​medicine from mushroom to grandmother's recipe and here for 3 years I drink this medicine with 1 drop of 25 and until the 1st 50 days, then break for three weeks, and again. My mother was a terrible rheumatism, she began to drink with me, and now walking without crutches and sticks and legs swell.

Uterine cancer, throat cancer

(Letter from the Voronezh region from K-hand Raisa Grigorevny). I had no ill. His whole life was in the hospital two times: birth, 2 daughters from me. Ill eight years ago. Profuse bleeding, thick pieces. The district hospital said: "Climax". And discharged. I lie at home. I feel sick. I can not get up. Blood clots. Husband drove the ambulance to the regional oncology. Diagnosed with adenocarcinoma. Difficult surgery - deleted all a woman. Final diagnosis: chorionepithelioma. ESR - 68. From chemotherapy refused flatly. The tablets did not drink, all ejected. Lay on the table under the irradiation with a prayer: "Save me, O Lord." Immediately got up and into the shower, all washed away. A secret from the doctors saw mushroom (tincture). After irradiation greatly hurt the liver, stomach upset: neither eat - diarrhea, did not hold urine. When the pain was impossible to sleep, then saw a double dose of mushroom. Soothing.

For 1 year, I drank 3 liter jar mushroom infusion. I forgot where the liver. Normalized stomach, urinary bladder. Without re-examination I was given life the 2nd level of disability. But with God's help, I work as a teacher at a school in a full load. Of course, very tired. God gives me patience, contentment and joy in the soul. I do not have depression, resentment, bitterness, resentment. In the bustle of everyday life, I always turn to God. Churches have not. I read the Bible - a wonderful source of spiritual and pray. Understood the main thing: we are all under God. I'm worthless instrument of God.

Another case of healing mushroom. 3 years ago after her husband became ill, my friend. Cancer. Initially uterus removed, and then the right breast. Cancer in stage 4. Earth collapsed! Her sons asked, "Help!" Doctors were warned of deaths. I went to her in the hospital and begged him not to do chemotherapy pill or drink, or fly agaric mushroom will not help. Chemistry did not, said that all going to die. Saw mushroom after eating (to food - could not). Combined Saw distilled kerosene. Every day, I visited her and inspired not to lose heart. Recovered. Now works in its place - the chief accountant of the farm. Rejoice! Kind! Do not allow discouragement in his soul. He lives with God! Praying. In oncology, I noticed that died, those who went into the disease, limp, he was afraid of death. A person has to control himself. This is very important!

How did I know about the fly agaric? Nowhere read, are not met. My husband's brother (Yoshkar-Ola lives) grazed cattle. He noticed that the sick cow and mushroom grab greedily munching. Looking, run to where the red mushroom. And they get better. One day he was found shot in the throat. Grew. Covered passage. Doctors said, "Cut! Cancer." He did not return. Scored mushroom cap, was there, so it was fun to die, washed down with vodka. There was all black as tar, all cleared, lump disappeared. It took 40 years. Now he is 80. Lives. Amanita drink in their scheme. He cured the daughter-in-law, which removed both breasts. It works too, though afraid of the sun.

Dear Tamara, your brochure I need not to treat (we're healthy), but in order to compare with the experience, a way of making drugs, self-control, system usage. It's medicine - poison. One time I was poisoned, as tincture of mushroom was not sustained over time. His stomach was washed with water and baking soda in large quantities.

Stomach polyps

(Letter from the Tyumen region of M Victor Mikhailovich). I want to tell you how I was treated mushroom. Prompted me one recipe Grandma (now deceased). My wife was a cancer patient. That's grandmother and persuaded me to insist mushroom. She gave me a dry mushroom, which I insisted on vodka 0.5 liters of 18 days in a cool dark place. Wife then refused to drink this infusion. And I had eight polyps in the stomach. Then I decided to take myself this infusion. Peel, as taught - 1 nightingales spoon 3 times a day for half an hour before meals. Drank all the brandy, well, as if no change is noticed, and when Moscow offered to do the surgery - to remove polyps, when the survey revealed that they have not. Asked what was treated. Other drugs, except mushroom, do not drink. Treated differently, some believed, some laughed. But I do know that it is from mushroom. And the result is there.

Disease of the breast

(Letter from Krasnodar from B-k_Nadezhdy Feodorovna). Amanita muscaria, I am treated eighth year and it helped me a lot. 9 years ago I had an operation, "Fibroadenoma right breast." But in spite of the operation, I have continued chest ache, a rough, pink, bad joint. And the worst thing that was for me, it became a bother and left breast. I had a record, after 2 - 3 months was at the doctor's office. The pain was such that I feared so God forbid someone touched me. Suggested a second surgery, I refused, since mammograms have become the defining features of diffuse fibrous mastopathy.

2 years after the operation, I began to drink brandy mushroom, I always send it to my sister from Sverdlovsk. Saw her almost eight years now ended. Pain did not bother me a year three - four, but I kept taking it from 15 to 45 drops, adding one drop every day. The last three years have always drank a tablespoon for a month, then a month break, and so on for the last 3 - 4 years, I can no longer even lie on your stomach, but not abuse, basically try to sleep on your side or back . You know, Tamara, over the years I have something to do with this tincture feel safe, even if it is just in the fridge and I did not drink for a while, I feel more confident and relaxed that I have it. Now infusion over, I feel like I'm losing confidence, some confusion.

Stomach cancer

(Letter from the Bryansk region of I-to AM). I will be very grateful if you send me a brochure entitled "Treatment of fly agarics." I am not sick with cancer, and an ad in the newspaper would not have paid any attention if he did not know the case in the neighboring area. Wife wanted to poison her husband mushroom. He was discharged from the hospital to live out his days at home. He had stomach cancer. Severely tortured and tormented her as drinking began shamelessly. So, fry toadstools, gave them to the table as the mushrooms with a bottle of vodka. Recovered and lived for many years after this event. And even more treats from all diseases infusion of toadstools.

LONGEVITY

(Letter of Boksitogorsk from A-va VT). If the truth can send a brochure entitled "Treatment of fly agarics", I'll wait. I kid read "Aliket go to the mountains" - so there is a moment that shamans used dried mushroom stem. Then my neighbor, an old man insisted on amanita brew and drank and lived, although the doctors were surprised that he did not die for a long time. Earlier in his youth, I somehow did not pay attention to it. But now I'm 59 years old and it's time and I'm interested in this tincture. But how to prepare it - that's the question.

Comment.

Information that the fly agaric tincture drink to prolong life, I have many. Also this beautiful property it often read in the literature. In addition, the mushroom causes a rush of energy, stimulates physical and mental endurance, has the property to quickly restore lost power. But! used for continuous use as a stimulant mushroom can not, because it is a poison and narcotic. Only courses and in small doses! Mushroom use as drugs started in Russia about 10,000 years ago. Alkaloids contained in Amanita cause poisoning, hallucinations, and addictive. Another effect is that are near objects appear either very large (makropsiya) or very small (mikropsiya). Possible movements and convulsions. Episodes of intense excitement turns to moments of deep depression. Amanita muscaria, in contrast to other hallucinogens, causes an abnormally severe physical mobility. Indigenous peoples of Siberia - the Chukchi, Koryak, Kamchadals and others - are widely used amanita in several cases: to communicate with the supernatural in order to predict the future, to determine the cause of the disease, as well as just for fun during festivals (such as weddings) when they treated guests. And, of course, is widely used to enhance the abilities of mushroom shaman.

Questions - Answers

How to prepare and take the medicine of toadstools? The answer is: preparation methods and regimens - a few dozen. (There is even such a seemingly frivolous as infused with male urine amanita. Well, this is unusual cooked mixture (with fly agarics on urine of men) is a natural drug and is used for severe pain in cancer patients).

Which one to choose - solves your fitoterapevt or healer, who you're going through treatment, and who is responsible for the drug and for you. Self poisonous herbs and mushrooms to engage strongly advise. But if you can not be treated by a specialist (which is much more effective than self-medication), use 50% tincture of vodka under the scheme: start with 1 drop 3 times a day for half an hour before meals, daily increasing the dose of each meal and 1 drop and work up to 20 drops 3 times a day. Then drops down, reducing the daily dose of 1 drop at each visit. Break - 1 week. Conduct at least 3 courses in a row.

Mushroom tincture drink better with? glasses of water infusion of birch fungus fungus or drop it 1 tablespoon diluted Befungin - pharmaceutical drugs fungus.

To prepare the tincture used only hats. Cut them into small pieces, weighed, placed in a jar, add an equal amount by weight of vodka and infuse at room temperature in the dark for 1 month.

The second method. Hats chop the brim lay in a jar, close the nylon cover, tie a cloth and buried in the ground to a depth of 1 meter for 1 month. Then drain the resulting juice and add some to it an equal amount of vodka. Store at room temperature tincture in a dark place out of reach of children. Shelf life - 1 year. And once again, remember that it is a poison.

50% tincture is used only if the patient takes of poisonous herbs only one mushroom. If you use an integrated, enhanced treatment (several potent herbs and ointments), the concentration, dose and regimen of others. When non-cancer diseases, use a weaker tincture - 10%.

In general, well said, responding to a similar question, healer of Moscow Vladimir Mironov, successfully using mushroom and brandy fly agaric ointment for the treatment of various diseases, including cancer, "I specifically do not include a recipe here fly agaric tinctures. It requires accurate compliance dosage. And then tell me how it is prepared, - in the woods any mushroom will not. Yet mushroom - mushroom special. Hence drink liquor only under close supervision. "

Tell us how to prepare a tincture of hemlock.
To prepare the tincture using fresh flowers and green unripe seeds, in these parts of the plant contains many alkaloids. Fresh flowers are crushed, weighed, placed in a jar and pour vodka quality by weight in the ratio of 1:10, for example, 100 g of flowers we have to take one liter of vodka. Keep the vodka was no additives, particularly acidic - like citric acid, whey - for then alkaloids bind and precipitate, liqueur turns cloudy. Infuse 3 weeks at room temperature, and always in the dark. After 3 weeks, strain. Next. After 2 - 3 weeks after harvesting flowers (depending on weather conditions) Collect green unripe seeds of hemlock. Of them the same way, prepare 10% tincture 3 weeks strain. Then mix equal parts both tinctures: from seeds and flowers, shake well. Tincture of hemlock is ready for use. You can store it at room temperature, always in the dark and always out of reach of children. Shelf life - 1 year.

What is the stronger of the herbs - hemlock, aconite, or mushroom? Where should I start treatment?
By the force of the antitumor effect of these herbs are equal. Depending on individual sensitivity of some patients are better at Hemlock, others to Akon, third on the mushroom. Of cancer patients do not have time for the selection, so I always assign a comprehensive, enhanced treatment: all three infusions made in the same day at different times. Besides infusions necessarily give their patients herbal ointment - lubricate the affected area and the nearby lymph nodes. In the ointment are hemlock, mushroom, aconite, milestones, henbane, and some other herbs and pharmaceutical ingredients to improve skin permeability. The main property of the ointment - the local anti-tumor effects. In addition, it has analgesic and good wound-healing effect (when a cancerous ulcer, for example, splitting the running breast cancer).

I was approached by a young man from Polotsk - cancer of the penis. In Minsk, underwent surgery. Does not heal within a year post-operative wound. Tried all assigned ointment treated laser - without effect. Gave her ointment. Ringing. Happy, all is well. Regret only one thing - he had heard from patients about me good reviews, but somehow I did not believe in the grass. Year wondering whether to apply to me. And helped salve for several weeks. In benign tumors, treatment, I usually start with hemlock. In most cases, this is enough. When failure of hemlock select another tool. (C) Makeyenko TV Physician - fitoterapevt

Wednesday, 23 January 2013

Stalwart: forgotten folkname for fly agaric?

The fly agaric is such an iconic mushroom, instantly recognisable, with a long relationship with the human race. Yet we have no English folkname for it. I propose that stalwart is a forgotten folkname for fly agaric.

The word "stalwart" is of largely unknown etymology. The Online Etymology Dictionary has:

stalwart (adj.)
late 14c., Scottish variant of Old English stælwierðe "good, serviceable," probably a contracted compound of staðol "foundation, support" (from P.Gmc. *stathlaz, from PIE root *sta- "to stand, set down, make or be firm;" see stet) + wierðe "good, excellent, worthy" (see worth). Another theory traces the first element of stælwierðe to Old English stæl "place," from P.Gmc. *stælaz.

It is clearly made up of two different parts, "stal" and "wart".

  • "Wart" could easily be a corruption of "wort", the old English word for "plant" - seen, for example, in St John's wort. Stalwart was often spelt "stalwort" historically.
  • "Stal" could easily be a shortening of the old Germanic word for mushroom, surviving into Dutch, for example, as "paddenstoel". Although this sounds more like toadstool than mushroom, it is a generic word for fungi with a hat and a stem. This word actually has the same etymology as the stal above - meaning a foundation, support. It is also the origin of the word "steel".

The word "stalwart" is usually used to describe a warrior or a hero, someone who stands strong. This perhaps suggests a connection with ancient fighting forces. It is widely believed that Viking berserkers - and perhaps other warriors, notably Celts - made use of the fly agaric in battle. Therefore a fighter would be considered "stalwart" because they had partaken of the stal wort, the mushroom plant.

Having performed a little archaeological experimentation regarding this, I would posit that the warriors would cover their skin in fly agaric juice, and probably take a bite also. Strength and stamina are increased, and fear dissipates. There is a feeling of immortality. All these are qualities likely to make a warrior stand firm and fight for glory in battle.

Thus the berserker is shielded by the mushroom, which he also takes a bite from. Perhaps this is what the Isle of Lewis chesspiece berserker here is telling us as he bites his shield.

Pictorial extract from An Etymological Dictionary of the Scottish Language: Volume 2 By John Jamieson, Edinburgh University Press 1808.

Within the Saxon Chronicles there is the word "staelwort", with a meaning of "to carry away clandestinely". It is likely that any fly agaric mushroom sect would - like those written about by Wasson and Allegro - have secret means of obtaining the mushrooms, carrying them away in a process known only to initiates, and probably subject to much ritual.

Indeed, Wiktionary has "stæl" as meaning "theft", akin to the Old English "stalu", all from the same Indo-Germanic root. This is suggestive of another very interesting possibility, that "stalwart" could be "the stolen plant".

Part of the mythology of the Vedic soma is that the plant be stolen from its guardians. Theodora, from A. A. Macdonell, Vedic Mythology (Strassburg, 1897), explains:

The first soma is supposed to have been stolen from its guardian demon by an eagle, this soma-bringing eagle of Indra being comparable with the nectar-bringing eagle of Zeus, and with the eagle which, as a metamorphosis of Odin, carried off the mead.

In summary, if stalwart is a lost folkname for fly agaric, it is of Germanic/Scandinavian origin, arriving in Britain with Saxon and/or Viking settlers, and could mean:

  • mushroom plant
  • strength plant
  • foundation/support plant
  • secretly-carried-away plant
  • the stolen plant
and could even provide another clue that perhaps fly agaric does equate with the Soma of the Rig Veda, and is indicative of an ancient entheogenic practice surviving in Indo-European Britain and Ireland. Such is investigated in PL Wilson's excellent Ploughing the Clouds: The Search for Irish soma.

It is, of course, possible that more than one of these meanings could also apply, in a play on words, for example, "the stolen plant that makes strong", even providing "foundation" for a whole culture.

Sunday, 20 January 2013

Some Russian Fly Agaric Medicinal Recipes

Here are some Russian fly agaric medicinal recipes that I've found by searching via Google for "Мухомор красный" - literally "red fly killer" - which is what fly agaric is called there. I haven't tried these, but thought I'd publish them here so that people have access to them. Thanks to Google Translate for the translation.

from http://www.behigh.org/library/verbnik/muxomor.html

Amanita - the healing of all fungi

Here are five of the many applications of mushroom in traditional medicine...
  1. Take a large red mushroom, finely chop and add 0.5 liters of 56% vodka. Buried in the muck for a month. The resulting jelly rub sore spots. Apply in paralysis, rheumatism, radiculitis.

  2. Of mushroom, crushed in half with sour cream, make an ointment that is applied to a rag to a problem area. Used in paralysis, rheumatism, sciatica, sciatica, arthritis.

  3. Amanita have to grill (?! AV) Cut two days in the refrigerator in a plastic bag, and then, placing cut pieces in a jar, pour the vodka on the thickness of your finger over the mushrooms. Bank to put in the cellar or in the refrigerator to sustain a uniform temperature. After two weeks, strain. That potion is ready. Good thirst rheumatic pain and sciatica and does heal when rubbed regularly.

  4. Mushroom caps to fill 1 liter. jar, pour vodka, buried in the ground for m-n, then strain and refrigerate. In gastric cancer, skin drink 1 teaspoon drop in Dist. Water 3 times for 1 hour before meals 20 days time - 10 days.

  5. Finely chop the full liter bottle of bright red toadstools, cork stopper and put in the oven for the night after removed the bread. The next morning flick the bottle through a sieve and put in a glass jar. Rub the sore spots for the night and a very good lap.

(Recipes are taken from the publication of Vladimir Volkov in the Kostroma regional newspaper "Volga nov" July 25, 1995/15 years after the death of one of the most "muhomoristyh" guys Russia Vladimir Vysotsky - AV /) "

From the publication "of mushrooms and berries 1997 Calendar" (LLP firm "Journe." Kostroma, 1996, edition of 300, 000)


The following is from http://www.zdorovgid.ru/maz-iz-krasnogo-muxomora/

Cream of mushroom red

Category: Gifts of Nature , medicinal plants , treatment of injuries, bruises, burns
Treatment of red fly agaric
Offer readers a unique recipe means that our ancestors were treated. They were treated much the drug. Intervertebral hernia, diseases of the joints, cracked heels, shipitsy (bones) in the legs, ulcers, various skin diseases. This is a brown thick ointment softens easily at 37 degrees. In the ointment is the dried powder of Amanita muscaria. For the preparation of medicines are needed only red mushroom.

To dry amanita at less than 60 degrees. Need rye flour that does not contain stabilizers, disintegrants. Better rye by grind in a coffee grinder. Pine sap resin can replace any tree. Resin - a valuable medicinal ointment component that delivers medication to the patient body. Along with a natural preservative for the mushroom body fat. The shelf life of the oil - a few years.

In a water bath to keep the enamel mug 50g unsalted visceral fat. As the fat melts, add the dried red mushroom powder 30 grams, 10 grams of rye flour, pine sap 10 grams. Thoroughly mix all until smooth. Keep a medicine in a glass container in the refrigerator.

Intervertebral hernia, painful joints before applying means warm light massage camphor oil. Back (joint) after rubbing ointment wrap woolen cloth to keep warm through the night. Camphorated oil in the other cases is not required. Cracks, minor wounds, insect bites, herpes grease composition just before full recovery.

Ulcers, large wounds, fistulas are treated differently. Wound before treatment should be washed with a disinfectant solution (potassium permanganate, furatsilin, galangal broth or tsetrarii). Next, using the end of a lime glow sticks dry. Ignite this dry lime-stick (you can replace the currant), blow out the flame, the surface of the wound led to the end of the glow for 3-5 minutes at a distance of 1-2 cm. Do not worry: the burn will not be felt coolness.

Emergency procedure promotes tissue regeneration of the skin. Wound will heal much faster. Then apply ointment to a clean linen cloth the size you want a thin layer applied to the wound. Secure the elastic mesh or bandage. Ligation done daily until recovery.

Thursday, 17 January 2013

Some Russian Fly Agaric Treatment Products

** If I'm able to find a site that sells these products internationally I'll let you know **

I've lately taken to searching the internet for the Russian translation of fly agaric - Мухомор красный. Fly agaric has been used medicinally in Russia for a long time - and not just amongst tribal peoples. Above is a commercially available cream made from fly agaric. It is used to stimulate blood circulation, prevent varicose veins, increase the elasticity of the skin, stimulate cell renewal ( View original Russian site )

Here are some Russian fly agaric products. Translated by Google Translate - thanks Google :)

In fact, there's a whole "Mushroom Collection" of cosmetic products (see photo right). These include:

1. Cream of corn, against the fungus, sweating ", 75 ml
2. Wrinkle cream, anti aging changes ", 75 ml
3. Anti-cellulite cream that simulates the contours of the body, "75 ml
4. Cream warming, against joint pain ", 75 ml
5. Hand cream, protective, soothing, healing ", 75 ml
6. Foot Cream against varicose veins, edema, fatigue, "75 ml

View original Russian site

Here's another product (photo right). The translation says:
Cream "Fung Chi Amanita" is unique, designed by a group of scientists in conjunction with the St. Petersburg St. Petersburg Chemical and Pharmacological Institute, operated externally with the following diseases:

1.Sustavnye diseases (arthritis, arthritis, arthritis, psoriatic arthritis, osteochondrosis) in cancer metastatic to bone. Application: Massage lightly rub in a small amount of skin cream 2 times a day, preferably cast warming bandage (except cancer).

2.Trudnozazhivlyaemye wounds and ulcers (tromboflebitnye, cancers, fistulas, pressure sores, boils, boils). Directions: Apply a thin layer of cream on the ulcer, then gauze and fixed tubular bandage or medical bandage. Change the dressing every day.

3.Kozhnye diseases (dermatitis, fungal infections, pyoderma, psoriasis, eczema, fungal infections of feet and nail lesions). Directions: Apply a thin layer of cream on the seat, then close and lock the gauze bandage or medical tubular bandage. Change the bandage, 2 times a day.

4. Varicose vein disease, varicose "veins", thrombophlebitis. Application: Massage lightly rub in a small amount of skin cream 2 times a day without overlapping warming bandages.

5.Dobrokachestvennye growths on the skin (papillomas, lipomas, warts) Application: Massage lightly rub in a small amount of skin cream 2 times a day.